Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa

The catacomb of Kom El-Shuqafa (Shoqafa, Shaqafa) ‎is one of Alexandria’s most memorable monuments. ‎Identified as “a tour-de-force of rock-cut architecture ‎which would be remarkable in any period,” the Great ‎Catacomb defies comprehensible description. Its vast, ‎intricately decorated interior spaces cut at so great a ‎depth into the rock present an enormity of experience ‎outside […]

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The Fortress of Qaitbay

Following in the footsteps of other caliphs, princes and ‎sultans of Islamic small states in Egypt, sultan ‎Qaytbay visited Alexandria several times and gave ‎special attention to its fortification by building ‎fortifications, walls, gates, and towers. This attitude ‎was due to the fact that the Ottoman rulers were ‎threatening Egypt and endeavoring to put it […]

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Montazah palace and gardens

This area along the coast about 15 miles east of ‎Alexandria’s old district along the Corniche is where ‎many of the modern Alexandrian hotels are located, as ‎well as one of the elegant heritage hotels. Khedive ‎Abbas II built the Salamlik as a residence. Here also ‎is the magnificent Montaza Palace.‎

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Pompey’s Pillar

An approximately 25m red Aswan granite column with ‎a circumference of 9m was constructed in honor of the ‎Emperor Diocletian. Originally from the temple of the ‎Serapis, it was once a magnificent structure rivaling ‎the Soma and the Caesareum. Nearby are ‎subterranean galleries where sacred Apis bulls were ‎buried, and three sphinxes. After his defeat […]

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Roman Amphitheatre in Alexandria

The Roman Theatre was built in the 4th century AD; it ‎remained in use until about the 7th century AD, or ‎about the time of the Arab invasion. It was discovered ‎during the 1960s when a government building was ‎planned for this location over the ruins of a Napoleonic ‎fort that had earlier been destroyed. […]

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