The catacomb of Kom El-Shuqafa (Shoqafa, Shaqafa) is one of Alexandria’s most memorable monuments. Identified as “a tour-de-force of rock-cut architecture which would be remarkable in any period,” the Great Catacomb defies comprehensible description. Its vast, intricately decorated interior spaces cut at so great a depth into the rock present an enormity of experience outside […]
Following in the footsteps of other caliphs, princes and sultans of Islamic small states in Egypt, sultan Qaytbay visited Alexandria several times and gave special attention to its fortification by building fortifications, walls, gates, and towers. This attitude was due to the fact that the Ottoman rulers were threatening Egypt and endeavoring to put it […]
This area along the coast about 15 miles east of Alexandria’s old district along the Corniche is where many of the modern Alexandrian hotels are located, as well as one of the elegant heritage hotels. Khedive Abbas II built the Salamlik as a residence. Here also is the magnificent Montaza Palace.
An approximately 25m red Aswan granite column with a circumference of 9m was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletian. Originally from the temple of the Serapis, it was once a magnificent structure rivaling the Soma and the Caesareum. Nearby are subterranean galleries where sacred Apis bulls were buried, and three sphinxes. After his defeat […]
The Roman Theatre was built in the 4th century AD; it remained in use until about the 7th century AD, or about the time of the Arab invasion. It was discovered during the 1960s when a government building was planned for this location over the ruins of a Napoleonic fort that had earlier been destroyed. […]